The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Board of Directors today approved a final rule to implement a special assessment to recover the loss to the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF) associated with protecting uninsured depositors following the closures of Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act) requires the FDIC to take this action in connection with the systemic risk determination announced on March 12, 2023. Currently, the FDIC estimates that of the total cost of the failures of Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank, approximately $16.3 billion was attributable to the protection of uninsured depositors.
After careful consideration of the comments received on the proposal and analysis of the applicable statutory factors, the FDIC is adopting, as final, the proposed special assessment, with clarifications to promote transparency and a modification to allow for corrective amendments to estimated uninsured deposits associated with the FDIC’s review of an institution’s reporting methodology.
“The final rule applies the special assessment to the types of banking organizations that benefitted most from the protection of uninsured depositors, while ensuring equitable, transparent, and consistent treatment based on amounts of uninsured deposits,” said FDIC Chairman Martin J. Gruenberg. “The final rule also promotes maintenance of liquidity, which will allow institutions to absorb any potential unexpected setbacks while continuing to meet the credit needs of the U.S. economy.”
Under the final rule, the FDIC will collect the special assessment at an annual rate of 13.4 basis points beginning with the first quarterly assessment period of 2024 (i.e., January 1 through March 31, 2024) with an invoice payment date of June 28, 2024, and will continue to collect special assessments for an anticipated total of eight quarterly assessment periods. The base for the special assessment is equal to an insured depository institution’s (IDI’s) estimated uninsured deposits for the December 31, 2022 reporting period, adjusted to exclude the first $5 billion in estimated uninsured deposits from the IDI, or at the banking organization level for IDIs that are part of a holding company with one or more subsidiary IDIs.
It is estimated that a total of 114 banking organizations will be subject to the special assessment, and no banking organizations with total assets under $5 billion will pay the special assessment, based on data for the December 31, 2022 reporting period.
- Fact Sheet: Final Rule on Special Assessment Pursuant to Systemic Risk Determination
- Memorandum to the Board of Directors: Final Rule on The Special Assessment Pursuant to Systemic Risk Determination
- Federal Register Notice: Final Rule on Special Assessment Pursuant to Systemic Risk Determination