December 7, 2023

FDIC: Board of Directors Release Semiannual Update on Restoration Plan for Deposit Insurance Fund

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Board of Directors today released its second semiannual update of 2023 on the Restoration Plan for the agency’s Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF). The Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act) requires that the FDIC Board adopt a restoration plan when the DIF’s reserve ratio—the ratio of the fund balance relative to insured deposits—falls below 1.35 percent. 

As of June 30, 2023, the DIF balance stood at $117.0 billion. Increased loss provisions, including for the bank failures that occurred in March and May, coupled with strong insured deposit growth, resulted in a decline in the reserve ratio from 1.25 percent as of December 31, 2022, to 1.10 percent as of June 30, 2023. Despite this decline, the FDIC projects that the reserve ratio is likely to reach the statutory minimum of 1.35 percent by the statutory deadline of September 30, 2028. 

On September 15, 2020, the FDIC established the Restoration Plan to restore the DIF reserve ratio to at least 1.35 percent by the statutory deadline, after extraordinary deposit growth during the first half of 2020 caused the DIF’s reserve ratio to decline below the statutory minimum of 1.35 percent. The Plan maintained the assessment rate schedules in place at the time. On June 21, 2022, based on projections indicating that the reserve ratio was at risk of not reaching the required minimum by the statutory deadline, the FDIC Board amended the Restoration Plan (Amended Restoration Plan). In conjunction with the Amended Restoration Plan, the FDIC Board increased deposit insurance assessment rates by 2 basis points for all insured depository institutions, effective in the first quarterly assessment period of 2023. 

The increase in assessment rate schedules that became effective on January 1, 2023, resulted in additional assessment revenue that slightly offset the decline in the DIF in the first half of 2023. “Had this rate increase not already been in effect, the Board might have been faced with a different projected path for the reserve ratio, and potential need for further current action, given the period of stress and the bank failures earlier this year,” said FDIC Chairman Martin J. Gruenberg. 

FDIC: PR-103-2023

This post was originally published here.